There are several different kinds of permanent makeup procedures and they all differ slightly depending on the area of treatment.
However, in general, the desired pigment for the permanent makeup procedure is applied to the top dermal layer of the skin with a hollow tipped needle. The needle makes tiny punctures in the skin and allows for the pigmented ink to seep through and penetrate the superficial layers of the epidermis.
The exact methods differ by the specific procedure.
It is important to note that permanent makeup fades from anywhere between one to ten years depending on the pigment chosen, so these procedures are not as big of a commitment as actual tattoos.
Depending on the area being treated, there are several measures you must take before your appointment to ensure a safe and smooth application process. These steps will minimize the chances of inflammation and infection immediately after the procedure. Here are the precautions broken down by category:
Avoid any other cosmetic lip procedures, such as collagen injections, for at least six months before this one.
You shouldn’t expect to be out and about immediately after having these procedures done.
Although most people don’t know this, permanent makeup procedures take at least a week of healing followed by touch ups and then another round of downtime. This means that you won’t be able to flaunt your desired look for at least a few weeks.
Immediately after your procedure, you may notice that the color you chose looks intensely brighter or darker than your desired shade. The pigment itself may look excessive and bold, as if it’s bleeding through.
This is completely normal because the pigment will fade as your skin heals and absorbs the pigment into its deeper layers.
You may also notice swelling with the eyeliner and lip procedures. With the permanent eyeliner, your eyes may look puffy and red, as if you’ve been crying. Your lips, too, will look particularly swollen, as if bees stung them.
Again, these are all natural reactions.
The most common mistake made after any permanent makeup procedure is the client picking at or scratching their scabs.
Scabs form as part of the skin’s natural healing process after the procedure, but altering the skin’s inherent rate of shedding will cause uneven coloration. Doing so will only result in another repeat procedure and prolonged healing time. To avoid this, temporarily cover the healing area with gauze or a band-aid to resist the temptation.
For all permanent makeup procedures, you should avoid getting the treatment area wet for at least twenty-four hours afterwards. If the eyes are of concern, try showering with the help of goggles to keep the area dry.
As for the lips, a mask may help to deter water. Swimming pools, saunas and hot tubs must be avoided at all costs for at least two weeks after the procedure.
UV exposure is a huge risk factor for uneven coloration and the fading of pigment. This is especially true for freshly applied pigment, meaning that you should avoid sun exposure at all costs for at least 72 hours immediately after the procedure. Continue to be cautious and liberally apply sunscreen to the affected areas for a continued four to six weeks after the treatment.
It is also imperative that your religiously follow a touch-up schedule after the initial treatment. The healing process itself can cause kinks in the final product, which will only grow more obvious as the pigment fades with time.
By maintaining a touch-up schedule, you can save yourself from embarrassment and frustration.
The Common Side effects of Permanent Makeup
Having a licensed permanent makeup technician can minimize these risks and promote safe procedure.
Although rare, there can be several serious side effects to permanent makeup. Some of these risks can be avoided while others cannot be controlled.
Permanent makeup should not be taken lightly simply because it is a cosmetic procedure.
The use of needles in the technique places it in the category of other medical procedures.
For any medical procedure, you would not trust a random doctor you passed by on the street, so practice the same caution to receive safe permanent makeup.